With Canadian hardwoods you can build the highest
quality, beautiful, functional furniture from solid
woods such as cherry, hickory, maple & oak
There are nearly 60 species of ash trees and shrubs, of which four grow in
Canada, mostly in the Eastern provinces. Ash grows best on rich, moist soils.
Some forms may be found in swamps or along streams, or on poor, dry,
upland soils. Ash wood is noted for its high qualities. It’s tough, hard,
straight grained and valued for many purposes. Most ash lumber is sawn
from White Ash (native to Nova Scotia) and is used where strength is
needed for items such as furniture, sporting goods, handles and agricultural
Of 10 known species of beech, only one is native to North America. It is a
common tree throughout the Acadian Forest and Great Lakes-St. Lawrence
regions. Although it may grow in small, pure stands, it’s more often found in
mixture with Sugar Maple, Yellow Birch and Eastern Hemlock. The wood is
used for furniture, flooring, containers, handles and woodenware.
Probably 50 or more species of birch, from dwarf shrubs to trees, grow in
the north temperate and Arctic regions of the world. About 10 species are in
Canada, six of which are trees. The wood is important in lumber, plywood
and pulpwood industries. It’s heavy, hard, strong and fine grained. It stains
well, takes on a high polish and has extensive uses for cabinet work,
furniture, interior trim in homes and public buildings, flooring, doors, veneer
Canada is home to a hand full of cherry species. The black cherry ranges
through most of the Acadian Forest region and grows with other hardwood
species. Its wood is moderately heavy, hard and strong, from light to dark
reddish-brown. The wood is valuable for furniture, but the supply is limited
due to the scarcity of the tree. Many pieces of furniture produced in the
early days of Canada’s development demonstrate the value of this species
for cabinet work.
The hickory is typically a tree of eastern North America. In Canada, only five
species are true hickories. This is one of the toughest, hardest and strongest
of Canadian hardwoods. The native supply is very small and our builders’
requirements are almost entirely by importation from the U.S.
Ten of about 150 species of maple grow in Canada. Nearly all of our native
maples are large trees. They contribute valuable wood products, sustain the
maple sugar industry and beautify the landscape. The wood is in demand for
furniture, flooring, interior woodwork, plywood and veneer. Hard maples
often provide wood characterized by curly grain and birds-eye features, and
is highly prized in cabinet making and furniture building. The sugar maple is
one of the most valuable commercial hardwoods in Canada.
We have 10 species of oak in Canada. Red oak trees growing in a forest have
straight trunks free of branches for half or more of their height. Under ideal
growing conditions, a medium sized tree from 60-80 feet tall and one-tothree feet in diameter, may exceed 100 feet and four feet in diameter. The
wood is pink to reddish brown and is used extensively for furniture, flooring
and interior finishing.
Canada is home to nine species of pine. They have been held in high esteem
ever since our forests were first noticed. The quality of their wood and their
ability to grow on poorer soils and drier sites make them an attractive
choice. The Eastern White Pine produces the most valuable softwood lumber
in Eastern Canada. Because of its low shrinkage and uniform texture, it is
used for cabinet work, doors, mouldings, trim, siding and paneling. As well
as patterns, window sashes and frames.
The six Canadian native poplar species are fast growing, short-lived trees.
The wood is light in weight, soft and with inconspicuous growth rings. It is
used for furniture making, veneer, lumber, boxes and plywood.